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Birds

Breite is an open habitat surrounded by forest (a wood pasture with scattered ancient trees). So it plays a double role for birds: nidification support for nesting species, and feeding habitat for birds of prey which have double territory.

Most of the nesting birds that can be found here are typical for the forest habitat (such as the Parus and the Fringilla coelebs families etc.). This is due to the fact that the plateau is surrounded by forest and especially to the fact that it has an elongated shape determining a small internal volume and a large ecotone surface.

Out of the 32 species that nest on the plateau, 24 are Passeriformes (songbirds) and the rest are Piciformes (woodpeckers).

Nine of the ten species of woodpeckers living in Romania nest on the Breite and in the surrounding forests. The number of woodpecker species is a good indicator of the value of forest habitats in terms of birds diversity.  The large number of ancient oaks makes Breite unique and very valuable. The plateau is ideal for nesting insectivore birds.

Due to the small internal volume of the plateau and to the hornbeam invasion that extended over the past few years, the bird species that are typical to open habitats are few (we have observed only 12 species). They are best represented here by Lanius collurio (the red-backed shrike), Saxicola rubetra (the whinchat) and Saxicola torquata (the common stonechat).

In order to preserve and increase the diversity of nesting birds in the reserve, it is necessary to keep the hornbeam invasion under control and prevent it from extending and simplifying the structure of habitats.

It is necessary to maintain a balance between trees and bushes in order to allow heterogenous vegetation habitats to develop, as these are useful for numerous bird species.

Breite represents a feeding territory both for the birds of prey that hunt during day and for those that hunt during night. The birds of prey that hunt during day are represented here by Buteo buteo (the common buzzard). Aquila pomarina (the lesser spotted eagle) was seen only once in five years on the plateau, as it prefers wide open valleys. The birds of prey that hunt during night and that are frequently seen here are Strix uralensis (the Ural owl), Strix aluco (the tawny owl) and Bubo bubo (the Eurasian eagle-owl).

Predatory birds of passage use the plateau for resting and feeding. Among those, Circus cyaneus (the hen harrier) is often seen here during spring and autumn.

Custozi                                                                                                              Finanţatori

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